By Government Association

Conventionally, canals have been one of the most important mediums of irrigation for agriculture in India. However, the drawback with canals is the en route evaporation of water, which prevents adequate supply of water to the crops, thus increasing the farmer’s dependencies on rain. But, with the government’s intervention in the ongoing situation, things have started to change. The government is now looking out for solutions that would curb the loss of water on account of evaporation, and also ensure that the water is optimally used for agriculture.

While the water-use efficiency in canal-based irrigation is only 30-35%, the government is making efforts to increase it by 20% for irrigation projects. This involves the consideration of techniques like lift irrigation and micro-irrigation. Drip irrigation improves WUE to more than 85%. So, along with the central government, the states like Karnataka, Maharashtra, Haryana, Orissa, Gujarat, Telangana, AP, and MP too have initiated efforts to improve WUE. In this regard, the application of micro irrigation techniques in the command area is found to be improving the WUE.

The application of drip doubles the yield as well improves the quality of the crop. The uniform distribution of water to every inch of the field helps increase the yield, and also reduces the labour cost.

Netafim, the global leaders in agriculture, supports the government’s initiatives on the following aspects.

  • Initial feasibility study of the project
  • Calculations of water budget, crop water requirement etc
  • Designing of entire project
  • Estimates & tentative costing of projects
  • Guidelines set for formation of Water Users Association, agronomic practices & operational & maintenance methodology
  • Training capacity building of all stake holders
  • Market linkages with agricultural input & procurement companies

 

Ramthal Lift Irrigation Scheme, Karnataka

Uplifting the agricultural situation in the drought-ridden state of Karnataka would have been otherwise difficult if it wasn’t for the lift irrigation scheme implemented by Netafim. An one of its kind project, Netafim, through lift irrigation, has brought several positive changes, and has helped improved the situation of farmers as well as the agricultural yield, land under irrigation cover, capacity building, agronomy support, establishing marketing linkages, along with operations and maintenance and many others. Here is the positive impact that Netafim has brought in Ramthal through lift irrigation.

  • 11,000 Ha of land brought under irrigation
  • 6700 farmers benefitted out of the project
  • 22 villages covered under the project
  • 77,000 km of drip irrigation lines installed throughout the area
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